Sexual Misconduct (Title IX)

What Is Sexual Misconduct?

Sexual misconduct refers to sexual- or gender-based harassment, sexual or gender violence, sexual exploitation, relationship violence (domestic violence and dating violence), and sex- or gender-based stalking.

What Is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendment Act of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in both educational programs and employment. It applies to all aspects of employment and education programs and activities at Duke University.

Title IX has a broad scope, providing that no person should be excluded from participation in an educational institution’s programs or activities or be denied the benefits of those programs or activities based on sex or gender. Along with Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it prohibits discrimination based on sex or gender in employment. Title IX prohibits sexual misconduct (including sexual harassment and sexual violence) when it is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive enough to interfere with an individual’s ability to participate in Duke’s programs or activities or to perform his or her job.

Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex or gender in other ways:

  • In academic courses and programs, including but not limited to science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM)
  • Related to pregnancy or parenthood
  • In grading, classroom assignments, and housing
  • In athletics

What is Duke’s Policy on Sexual Misconduct?

Duke is proactive in its efforts to address and reduce instances of sexual misconduct, including sexual violence, in order to create and maintain a welcoming learning and working environment. It’s our responsibility to ensure compliance with federal law by demonstrating that our programs are operated in a manner consistent with Title VII and Title IX regulations and provisions, as well as the Violence Against Women Act.

Howard Kallem is the director for Title IX compliance at Duke University and Duke University Health System. In this capacity, Mr. Kallem is responsible for the administration and coordination of Duke's Title IX-related policies, programs, and compliance efforts. The scope of this responsibility includes, among other things, oversight of complaint resolution, resources, communications, and training in connection with Title IX's prohibition of discrimination based upon sex or gender. Contact Howard Kallem by email or call him at 919-684-1437.

Learn more about Duke’s policies on Title IX and sexual misconduct:

Additional information and resources for students related to Title IX and university policies and procedures regarding sexual misconduct

Whom Can I Contact for Help?

If you feel you’ve been subjected to sexual harassment or sex discrimination, or you have questions about our policies, please contact the Office for Institutional Equity at 919-684-8222.

You may also get help from any of the following resources:


Confidential assistance is available for employees through the Personal Assistance Service at 919-416-1727 (Duke Raleigh employees should call 919-872-4786).


Confidential assistance for undergraduate, graduate, and professional students of all genders is available through:

Harassment Prevention Advisors (HPAs) are Duke administrators who have been trained to help students with harassment concerns or complaints, including those involving Title IX. Please be aware that, when responding to harassment concerns or complaints, HPAs are unable to guarantee confidentiality. See a list of current HPAs.

Applicants, Visitors and Patients

If you are a Duke applicant for employment or admissions or a visitor or patient, there are resources to assist you with your concern or question involving sex discrimination. You may contact either:

  • The office or department with which you directly interacted
  • OIE at 919-684-8222

Learn how to file a sexual misconduct complaint

Learn how to file a sex discrimination (Title IX) complaint.

Glossary Term

Sexual- or gender-based harassment

Unwelcome conduct that may include sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, physical, or electronic conduct of a sexual nature that creates a hostile, intimidating, or abusive environment.

Sexual assault

A form of sexual- or gender-based harassment that involves having or attempting to have sexual contact with another individual without consent.

Sexual contact

Intentional touching or penetration of another person’s clothed or unclothed body, including but not limited to the mouth, neck, buttocks, anus, genitalia, or breast, by another with any part of the body or any object in a sexual manner.